Dame Annie Jean Macnamara, DBE (1 April 1899– 13 October 1968) was an Australian medical physician and also scientist, best known for her payments to children’s health and also welfare. She was honored as Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1935.
Her specialism in orthopedics led her to create brand-new ways to splint different parts of the body, and also she advocated new methods for the treatment of disabled people, specifically kids. She was welcomed to the White House to fulfill President Franklin D. Roosevelt, that had actually been immobilized by polio himself.
EARLY LIFE As Well As EDUCATION
Annie Jean Macnamara was born on 1 April 1899 to John and also Annie Macnamara in Beechworth, Victoria. Her family moved to Melbourne when she was seven and also she went to Spring Roadway State Institution. She obtained a scholarship to examine at the Presbyterian Ladies’ University. She entered the College of Melbourne at age 17, she graduated M.B. and also B.S. in 1922; other significant Australians who additionally graduated in her course included Kate Isabel Campbell, Lucy Meredith Bryce, Jean Littlejohn and Frank Macfarlane Burnet.
Following graduation she became a resident medical officer at the Royal Melbourne Hospital. In 1923, Macnamara ended up being a resident physician at the Royal Children’s Health center in Melbourne. Health center authorities had at first been reluctant to utilize her on the grounds that it had no toilet facilities for females physicians. During her time at the Children’s Hospital there was a polio outbreak, she and Burnet demonstrate that there was greater than one pressure of the infection, a truth that would be important in the later advancement of the Salk vaccine. Between 1925 and 1931 she was consultant as well as medical officer liable to the Poliomyelitis Board of Victoria, and also in between 1930 and also 1931 was honorary advisor on polio to main authorities in New South Wales, South Australia and also Tasmania.
In 1931, she obtained a Rockefeller Fellowship to travel to England and USA to study orthopaedics. When she went back to Australia in 1934 she wed dermatologist Joseph Ivan Connor, and they had two daughters, Joan as well as Merran. She carried out a successful orthopaedic job, as well as for this payment was produce DBE in 1935. Although she was consider the primary Australian authority on the therapy of poliomyelitis, she continue to recommen making use of convalescent product as well as splinting to immobilise limbs long after these treatments were abandone in America.
In the 1930s, she motivated the Australian federal government to test the myxoma infection to battle the Australian rabbit pester. Although tests were at first unsuccessful, she lobbied that they be continue, and also when the virus ended up being epizootic in 1951, the insect vector spread out the infection among rabbits, triggering the successful decrease of wild bunny numbers.
FATALITY AND ALSO TRADITION
Macnamara passed away at the age of 69 from cardiovascular disease in 1968.
Seven other Australian medical researchers were honor in the concern of a set of four Australian stamps launch in 1995. She appears on the 45 cent stamp with fellow College of Melbourne grad, Frank Macfarlane Burnet.
In 2018, the Australian Electoral Compensation relabelled the government selecting department of Melbourne Ports to Macnamara in her honour.
A suburban area of Canberra was name Macnamara, Australian Funding Territory in ceremony of Jean Macnamara. Macnamara Place, in the Canberra suburb of Chisholm, is also name in her honour.
HONORS AND HONOURS
1935, Dame Leader of the Order of the British Empire
Intro: Australian clinical doctor and also researcher
A.K.A: Annie Jean Macnamara
Was: Doctor Medical researcher Specialist Orthopedic surgeon Scientist
Type Healthcare Science
Birth: 1 April 1899, Beechworth, Victoria, Australia
Death: 13 October 1968, South Yarra, Victoria, Australia (aged 69 years).
Star sign: Aries.
Statistics: Elevation:152 centimeters.
Education and learning: University of Melbourne Presbyterian Ladies’ University, Melbourne.
Honors: Victorian Honour Roll of Women2001 Dame Leader of the Order of the British Empire.