GATE 2021 – Eligibility, Syllabus, Exam Pattern & Cut-Off

GATE is an all-India examination designed for the students with a science and technology background, testing candidates for their depth of understanding in various Engineering subjects. It is held on behalf of the Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India by the Indian Institute of Science (IISC), Bangalore, and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT). These eight institutes are the sole authority and have the responsibility to conduct the GATE exam.

Qualifying in GATE is a mandatory requirement for seeking admission and/or financial assistance to:

(i) Master’s programs and direct Doctoral programs in Engineering/Technology/Architecture and

(ii) Doctoral programs in relevant branches of Science, in the institutions supported by the MHRD and other Government agencies. Even in some colleges and institutions, which admit students without MHRD scholarship/assistantship, the GATE qualification is mandatory.

(iii)Further, many Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) solely use the GATE score in their recruitment process for entry level engineering and science positions. Successful candidates can use the GATE score to get jobs in public sector units.

GATE 2021 Eligibility

  • A candidate who is currently studying in the 3rd or higher years of any undergraduate degree program


  • Has already completed any government approved degree program in Engineering / Technology / Architecture / Science / Commerce / Arts is eligible for appearing in the GATE 2021 exam.

 Age Limit for GATE 2021

  • There is no age limit (minimum & maximum) prescribed for the candidates who are applying for GATE 2021 examination.


  • Candidates with Indian citizenship are eligible to apply for GATE 2021.
  • Foreign candidates who have citizenship of Sri Lanka, Singapore, Ethiopia, Nepal, Bangladesh, and United Arab Emirates (UAE) are also eligible to apply for GATE 2021 exam.

Educational Qualification for GATE 2021

Only the applicants who have completed their degree from Govt. recognized university are eligible to appear in the GATE exam. Check any of the following qualifications criteria that are required for a candidate.

  • B.E / B.Tech: Candidates must have Bachelor’s degree in Engineering/Technology (4 years after 10+2 or 3 years after Diploma in Engineering/Technology) and those who are in the final year of such programmes.
  • B.Arch.: Candidates must have a Bachelor’s degree in Architecture (Five-year course) and those who are in the final year of such programmes.
  • B.Sc. (B.S./Research): Candidates must have a Bachelor’s degree of a Four-year programme in Science (B.S.) and those who are in the final year of such programmes.
  • M.Sc./M.A./MCA or equivalent: Candidates must have Master’s degree in any branch of Science / Mathematics / Statistics / Computer Applications or equivalent and those who are in the final year of such programme.
  • M.Tech./Int. M.E.: Four-year Integrated Master’s degree (Post-B.Sc.) in Engineering/ Technology and those in the second or higher year of such programmes.
  • Int. M.E./ M.Tech or Dual degree: Five-year Integrated Master’s degree or Dual Degree in Engineering/ Technology and those in the fourth or higher year of such programmes.
  • Int. M.Sc./Int.B.S.-M.S: Five-year Integrated M.Sc. or Five-year Integrated B.Sc./ M.Sc. degree and those in the final year of such programmes.
  • Professional Courses equivalent to B.E / B.Tech: Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conducted by professional societies recognized by UPSC/ AICTE as equivalent to B.E./ B.Tech. Those who have completed Section-A of AMIE or equivalent of such professional courses are also eligible.

GATE 2021 Papers & Subject Codes

GATE 2021 will be conducted on 27 subjects (papers). The table below shows the list of papers and paper codes for GATE 2021. A candidate is allowed to appear in ANY ONE or UP TO TWO papers of the GATE examination.

GATE PaperCodeGATE PaperCode
Aerospace EngineeringAEInstrumentation EngineeringIN
Agricultural EngineeringAGMathematicsMA
Architecture and PlanningARMechanical EngineeringME
Bio-medical EngineeringBMMining EngineeringMN
BiotechnologyBTMetallurgical EngineeringMT
Civil EngineeringCEPetroleum EngineeringPE
Chemical EngineeringCHPhysicsPH
Computer Science and Information Technology CSProduction and Industrial Engineering PI
Electronics and Communication Engineering ECTextile Engineering and Fibre Science TF
Electrical EngineeringEEEngineering SciencesXE*
Environmental Science & EngineeringESHumanities & Social SciencesXH**
Ecology and EvolutionEYLife SciencesXL***
Geology and GeophysicsGG  

GATE Exam Pattern 2021

GATE 2021 is an online exam for the duration of 3 hours, it consists of 65 questions of 100 Marks. The different type of questions which will included in GATE 2021 are: MCQ, NAT, MSQ. MSQ are new type of questions which are introduced this year, with no negative marking and having multiple answers. Find the GATE 2021 Exam pattern below in detail. 

Exam‎ Duration3 Hours
Total Marks100
Type of Question AskedMultiple Choice Questions (MCQ)Multiple Select Questions (MSQ)Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions
Total Number of Questions65

1.     The GATE Exam is a single paper online examination of three hours, with 65 questions carrying a total of 100 marks.

2.     The question paper will consist of multiple-choice questions (MCQ), multiple select questions(MSQ) and numerical answer type questions(NAT).

3.     In GATE AE, AG, BT, BM, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF ST and XE papers, the weightage of marks divided into three sections.

  • Engineering Mathematics will carry around 13% of the total marks that is 13 marks.
  • General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks that is 15 marks.
  • Remaining 72% percentage of the total marks is devoted to the subject (technical section) of the paper, that is 72 marks.

4.     In GATE AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH and XL papers, the weightage of marks divided into two sections.

  • General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks that is 15 marks.
  • Remaining 85% of the total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper, that is 85 marks.

5.     Take a look at the type of Questions usually being asked in GATE exam:

  • Recall: These are based on facts, principles, formulae or laws of the discipline. The candidate is expected to be able to obtain the answer either from his/her memory directly or at most from the one-line computation.
  • Comprehension: These questions will examine the candidate’s knowledge of the basics of his/her field/course, by requiring him/her to draw simple conclusions from basic concepts.
  • Application: In these questions, the candidate is required to apply his/her expertise either through computation or by logical reasoning.
  • Analysis and Synthesis: In these questions, the candidate is presented with data, diagrams, images, etc. that require analysis before a question can be answered. A Synthesis question might require the candidate to compare two or more pieces of information.

6.      For a wrong answer chosen in a MCQ, there will be negative marking. For 1-mark MCQ, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. Likewise, for 2-mark MCQ, 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.

7.     There is no negative marking for MSQ’s.

GATE Cut Off 2021

  • The cut off marks will be announced separately for each branch for GATE 2021.
  • Various public and private sector undertakings that consider GATE scores for employment purposes will also declare their own cut off marks.
  • You can check the cut off marks on the official website. 

·         GATE Cut off marks are the minimum marks required for a candidate to qualify the GATE Exam. Candidates can check the official cut off for GATE 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015, 2014. Here we are sharing GATE 2020 Cutoff along with previous year cut off marks & statistics for the main engineering streams. The following cut off marks will help you to estimate the marks cut off for next year and accordingly you can target the preparation to qualify in the GATE 2021 Exam.

GATE 2020 Cutoff Official

BranchTotal Candidates AppearedGen/EWSOBCSC/ST/PH
Computer Science Engineering9748128.525.619.0
Civil Engineering 12597432.929.621.9
Electrical Engineering9352633.43022.2
Electronics & Communication8341828.825.919.2
Mechanical Engineering13782634.030.622.6

GATE 2019 Cutoff Official

BranchTotal Candidates AppearedGenOBCSC/ST/PH
Computer Science Engineering9993229.526.619.7
Civil Engineering 14506428.225.418.8
Electrical Engineering11209739.635.626.4
Electronics & Communication10478226.724.017.8
Mechanical Engineering16737634.130.722.7

GATE 2018 Cutoff Official

BranchTotal Candidates AppearedGenOBCSC/ST/PH
Computer Science Engineering10789325.0022.5016.60
Civil Engineering 15307826.9024.2017.90
Electrical Engineering12138329.126.119.4
Electronics & Communication12587025.0022.5016.60
Mechanical Engineering19449634.731.223.1

GATE 2017 Cut off Official

BranchTotal Candidates AppearedCategory
Mechanical Engg. (ME)23472732.7029.4021.80
Electronics & Comm. Engg. (EC)18315225.0022.5016.60
Electrical Engg. (EE)14629325.202216.70
Computer Science  & IT (CS)13180325.0022.5016.60
Civil Engg. (CE)13814028.7025.8019.10

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