Saturday, May 28, 2022

How physiotherapy can help in the rehabilitation of injured knees


Physiotherapy is a holistic approach for helping patients with injury, disability, movement disorders, and sometimes immobility. The treatment aims to assist patients in overcoming their ongoing ordeal by a plethora of strategies. The role of a physiotherapist is of a healer, after initially assisted therapies a typical physiotherapy program will emphasize inspiring confidence in patients. The ultimate goal of any therapy should be to help the patient to recover from the ongoing trauma predominantly by themselves and come back to the usual lifestyle.

For different disorders, different strategies are adapted for effective treatment. For example, in the case of monoplegia, the affected limb is assisted by the other functional limbs initiating movements. This approach not only activates inactive neuronal arcs and affected muscles but also inspires confidence in the patient.

However, this article will discuss the common types of knee pains and discomforts that can be treated by physiotherapy. And the strategies which might be adopted for effective remediation.

Our nervous system perceives pain as a warning. And a physiotherapist is expected to find out the reason for the pain and help the patient to overcome that pain by self-help.

Muscle related knee pain

Muscle pain can be the result of swelling, injury followed by swelling, spasms, and cramps. In the case of a complete loss of function, the reason can be neurological as well. After the initial diagnosis, a physiotherapist might take over and suggest exercises to ease up the situation. For swelling, physiotherapy might include ultrasound treatment and manually assisted exercises for draining the excess fluid and reactivation of inactive tissue.

Pain-related to nerve compression

In the case of nerve compression related pain the location of compression is important to figure out. After figuring that out, a physiotherapist might suggest exercises mostly supported by other active and functional tissue. Peripheral subcutaneous nerve stimulation can be applied for severe cases but the procedure requires superior training. The confidence buildup programs can include walking with a walker, wheelchair for increasing mobility, etc, even before achieving a complete cure. The goal of a physiotherapist in case of incurable conditions will mostly be to help the patient live a best as possible with the condition.

Pain caused by surgery

Inconveniences with the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is the most common reason for knee pains. Surgery is required in case of complete disconnection of the ligament and physiotherapy should follow after 2-3 days of the procedure. Due to multiple incisions and patching with the help of donor tissue, this condition involves discomforts related to bones and muscles alike after a surgery. Continuous physiotherapy for 9 months or more is required for a complete recovery. After the initial assisted and manual therapies, a patient is expected to continue the exercise until a cure is reached.

Even today, in rural areas of India it is pretty difficult to find a therapeutic solution to knee pains. Fortunately, a study shows city dwellers due to the fast-paced lifestyle suffer more from nerve compression, ACL related pains, and muscle pains. Knee pain treatment in Delhi is a flourishing field,due to the capital’s huge recruitment of therapists. If you are living somewhere close to the NCR you might not worry about finding the right treatment for your bad knee.

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